The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was established on 12 October, 1993 as an autonomous quasi judicial body for the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006 and 2019 passed by Parliament.
The NHRC, India, is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations by its Regulations 48/134 of 20 December, 1993.
The NHRC is an embodiment of India’s concern for the promotion and protection of human rights in line with its Constitution
Section 2 (1) (d) of the PHRA defines Human Rights as the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
The functions of the Commission as stated in Section 12 of the Act and apart from enquiry into complaints of violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, the Commission also spreads awareness about human rights through media, publications, training, seminar, conferences, research and studies treaties and international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation to the Government.
The Commission is responsible for spreading of human rights awareness amongst the masses and encouraging the efforts of all stake holders in the field of human rights literacy. Besides the Chairperson, the NHRC has five Members, including one woman Member. Beside them, it has 7 ex-officio Members including, Chairpersons of National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for SCs, National Commission for STs, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights, and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities. It has jurisdiction throughout the country, whereas the State Human Rights Commissions, which are independent of it, have their jurisdiction within the matters and geographical boundaries of their respective states. The world looks at NHRC, India as a role model in promoting and monitoring effective implementation of promotion and protection of human rights.
The NHRC, India plays an active role in coordinating with other NHRIs of the world to enhance awareness from the perspective of human rights. It is an A status Accredited NHRI with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions, GANHRI and a founder member of Asia Pacific Forum of the NHRIs in the Asia Pacific Region. It has different core groups on various thematic issues of human rights and include as members, experts, officers and civil society representatives.
There will be three cash prizes i.e. First, Second, Third as under:-
As may be decided by the Commission